Articles 6 to 11 of the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources) introduce Cooperation Mechanisms. They provide Member States with the option to agree on cross-border support of RES and to make use of another country’s more cost-efficient RES potentials. By joining forces, Member States may explore potentials which otherwise would have remained untapped and achieve efficiency gains in view of their binding 2020 renewable energy targets.
Types of Cooperation Mechanisms
The RES Directive introduces different options for cooperation between Member States:
- Statistical transfer: Renewable energy which has been produced in one Member State is transferred to the RES statistics of another Member State, counting towards the national RES target of that Member State.
- Joint projects between Member States: RES electricity or heating/cooling projects are developed under framework conditions jointly set by two or more Member States; the involved Member States define which share of the energy production counts towards which Member States’ target. This type of cooperation can include the active participation of industry.
- Joint projects with third countries: Joint projects can also be implemented between Member States and third countries i.e. countries outside the EU. A precondition is that an amount of electricity that equals the electricity generated from renewable sources and subject to this joint project is physically imported into the EU.
Joint support schemes: Member States merge or coordinate (parts of) their RES support schemes. In this Member States share the amount of energy from renewable sources produced in both participating Member States either through a statistical transfer or a distribution rule that allocates the amount of energy from renewable sources between them.